Risk factors for reproductive problems such as infertility, low birth weight, prematurity, fetal and infant death has increased over the past decades. However, there is still
much that is not known such as what role environmental exposures play in reproductive and infant health problems.
Environmental factors that may impact a woman's reproductive health include:
- Exposure of nonsmoking pregnant women to environmental tobacco smoke
Exposure to some forms of air pollution (carbon monoxide, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide)
Exposure to pesticides (herbicides, organochlorides, and organophosphates) has been associated with fetal death (miscarriage) and babies being born too small.
The parents' age, genetics, medical health, socioeconomic status, behaviors, access to health care, and environmental exposures all affect their ability to conceive, carry, and deliver
a healthy full-term baby.
Approximately 6 million pregnancies occur each year in the United States. More than a half million babies in the United States - 1 of 8 - are born premature each year; and
about 120,000 babies have birth defects.
Learn More About Reproductive Health Outcomes:
CT DPH What to Know Before You Consider a Pregnancy
CDC Reproductive Health
The Nationally Consistent Data Measures (NCDMs) for Reproductive Health Outcomes are:
- Count of Total Births
- Count of Total Infant Deaths
- Infant Mortality Rate
- Count of Low Weight Births - less than 2500 grams
- Percent of Low Weight Births - less than 2500 grams
- Count of Very Low Weight Births - less than 1500 grams
- Percent of Very Low Weight Births - less than 1500 grams
- Count of Preterm Births - less than 37 weeks
- Percent of Preterm Births - less than 37 weeks
- Count of Very Preterm Births - less than 32 weeks
- Percent of Very Preterm Births - less than 32 weeks
Each of the Reproductive Health Outcome NCDMs are available using the chart on this page.
- Select the measure using the Measure dropdown.
- Choose the grouping by selecting an option from the X-Axis dropdown.
Filter the results by any of the available demographic options by checking the option in the corresponding dropdown.
If no option is selected the total for that demographic will be used when calculating the results.
For example if no county selection is made the data will be state totals.
- Press the filter button to redraw the chart.